Terrestrial Turtles Overview

Because of the scope of trying to provide good care information for each species listed, we will instead try to offer care links to other sites. The link will be hyper-linked to the species and/or genus name. Links do not indicate support of a site or its advice.

Family: Emydinae– the pond turtles (Rafinesque, 1815)

Genus: Glyptemys– American bog turtles (Agassiz, 1857)



Genus: Terrapene
American box turtles (Merrem, 1820)

  • T. carolina, Common Box Turtle (Linnaeus, 1758) N. America, 6in/15cm

    • T. c. carolina,
      Eastern Box Turtle (Linnaeus, 1758)

    • T. c. bauri,
      Florida Box Turtle (Taylor, 1895)
    • T. c. major,
      Gulf
      Coast Box Turtle (Agassiz, 1857)

    • T. c. mexicana,
      Mexican Box Turtle (Gray, 1849)

    • T. c. triungus,
      Three-toed Box Turtle (Agassiz, 1857)

    • T. c. yucatana,
      Yucatan Box Turtle (Boulinger, 1895)

  • T. coahuila,
    Coahuila Box Turtle (Schmidt and Owens, 1944) N. America, 6in/15cm, critically
    endangered

  • T. nelson, Spotted
    Box Turtle (Stejneger, 1925) N. America, 5in/14cm

    • T. n. nelson,
      Northern Spotted Box Turtle (Stejneger, 1925)

    • T. n. klauberi,
      Southern Spotted Box Turtle (Bogert, 1942)

  • T. ornata, Ornate or Western Box Turtle (Agassiz, 1857) N. America, 5in/14cm

    • T. o. ornata,
      Ornate or Western Box Turtle (Agassiz, 1857)
    • T. o. luteola,
      Desert Box Turtle (Smith and Ramsey, 1952)



Family: Geoemydinae– semi-terrestrial Asiatic turtles (Theobald, 1868)

Genus: Cistoclemmys (or
Cuora)-
Asian box turtles (Gray, 1856)

  • C. bourreti,
    Bourret’s Box Turtle (Obst and Reinmann, 1994) Vietnam, 7.5in/19cm, critically
    endangered

  • C. flavomarginata,
    Chinese or Yellow-margined Box Turtle (Gray, 1863) China, 7in/17cm, endangered

  • C. galbinifrons,
    Indochinese or Flower-back Box Turtle (Bourret, 1939), Indochina, 7.5/19cm, endangered

    • C. g. galibinifrons,
      Flower-back Box Turtle (Bourret, 1939)

    • C. g. bourreti, Bourret’s
      Box
      Turtle (Obst and Reimann, 1994)

    • C. g. hainanensis,
      Hainan Island Box Turtle (Li, 1958)   

  • C. picturata,
    Southern Vietnam Box Turtle (Lehr, Fritz, and Obst, 1998) Vietnam,
    7in/18cm, critically
    endangered



Genus: Cyclemys
Asian leaf turtles (Bell, 1834)

  • C. dentata, Asian
    Leaf Turtle (Gray, 1831) Asia, 9in/23cm, forest (as adults), endangered

  • C. oldhami,
    Southeast Asian Leaf Turtle (Gray, 1863) Indochina, 8in/20cm, endangered



Genus: Geoemyda
Black-breasted leaf turtles (Gray, 1834)



Genus: HeosemysIndochinese pond turtles (Stejneger, 1902)

  • H. depressa, Arakan
    Forest Turtle (Anderson, 1875), Indochina, 11in/29cm, critically endangered

  • H. spinosa, Spiny
    Turtle (Gray, 1830) Indochina, 9in/23cm, endangered



Genus: Luecocephalon
Sulwanese forest turtles (McCord, Iverson, Spinks and Shaffer, 2000)


  • L. yuwonoi,
    Sulawesi Forest Turtle (McCord, Iverson, and Boeadi, 1995) Indonesia,
    11in/28cm, critically
    endangered



Genus: Melanochelys
Indo-asian black turtles (Gray, 1869)

  • M. tricarinata,
    Tricarinate Hill or Three-keeled Land Turtle (Blyth, 1856), India,
    6in/16cm, endangered
  • M. trijuga, Indian
    Black Turtle (Schweigger, 1812) India, 15in/38cm, endangered



Genus: Pangshura- roofed turtles (Gray, 1856)


  • P. sylhetensis,
    Assam Roofed Turtle (Jerdon, 1870) India, 9in/24cm, endangered



Genus:

Pyxidea (or Cuora)- keeled box turtles (Gray, 1826?)


  • P. mouhotii,
    Keeled Box Turtle (Gray, 1826) Indochina, 7in/18cm, endangered


Genus:
Rhinoclemmys
Central and South American wood turtles (Fitzinger, 1835)

  • R. annulata,
    Tropical Wood Turtle (Gray, 1860) Central and South America, 9in/23cm

  • R. areolata,
    Furrowed Wood Turtle (Dumeril and Bibron, 1851) Central America,
    9.5in/24cm

  • R. pulcherrima,
    Painted Wood Turtle (Gray, 1855) Central America, 8.5in/22cm, threatened

    • R. p. pulcherrima, Guerrero
      Wood
      Turtle (Gray, 1856)

    • R. p. incisa, Incised
      Wood
      Turtle (Bocourt, 1868)

    • R. p. manni, Central American Wood Turtle (Dunn, 1930)

    • R. p. rogerbarbouri,
      Western Mexico Wood Turtle (Ernst, 1978)

  • R. rubida, Oxaca
    Wood Turtle (Cope, 1870) Mexico, 9in/23cm



Genus: Vijaychelys– cane forest turtles (Prashag, Schmidt, Fritzsch, Muller, Gemel and Fritz,
2006)

  • V. silvatica,
    Cochin Cane Forest Turtle (Henderson, 1912) India, 5in/13cm, critically endangered.
Revised 5-29-2012 (C) Mark Adkins

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