Terrestrial Turtles Overview

Because of the scope of trying to provide good care information for each species listed, we will instead try to offer care links to other sites. The link will be hyper-linked to the species and/or genus name. Links do not indicate support of a site or its advice.

Family: Emydinae– the pond turtles (Rafinesque, 1815)

Genus: Glyptemys
American Bog Turtles (Agassiz, 1857)

G. insculpta,
Wood Turtle (LeConte, 1830) N. America, 5in/13cm, threatened

G. muhlenbergi,
Muhlenberg or Bog Turtle (Schoeph, 1801), 4n/11cm, endangered

Genus: Terrapene
American Box Turtles (Merrem, 1820)

T. carolina, Common Box Turtle (Linnaeus, 1758) N. America, 6in/15cm
     T. c. carolina,
Eastern Box Turtle (Linnaeus, 1758)

     T. c. bauri,
     Florida Box Turtle (Taylor, 1895)

     T. c. major,
Gulf Coast Box Turtle (Agassiz, 1857)

     T. c. mexicana,
Mexican Box Turtle (Gray, 1849)

     T. c. triungus,
Three-toed Box Turtle (Agassiz, 1857)

     T. c. yucatana,
Yucatan Box Turtle (Boulinger, 1895)

T. coahuila,
Coahuila Box Turtle (Schmidt and Owens, 1944) N. America, 6in/15cm, critically endangered

T. nelson,
Spotted Box Turtle (Stejneger, 1925) N. America, 5in/14cm

     T. n. nelson,
Northern Spotted Box Turtle (Stejneger, 1925)

     T. n. klauberi,
Southern Spotted Box Turtle (Bogert, 1942)

T. ornata, Ornate or Western Box Turtle (Agassiz, 1857) N. America, 5in/14cm

     T. o. ornata,
Ornate or Western Box Turtle (Agassiz, 1857)

     T. o. luteola,
Desert Box Turtle (Smith and Ramsey, 1952)

Family: Geoemydinae: semi-terrestrial Asiatic Turtles (Theobald, 1868)

Genus: Cistoclemmys (or Cuora)
Asian Box Turtles (Gray, 1856)

C. bourreti,
Bourret’s Box Turtle (Obst and Reinmann, 1994) Vietnam, 7.5in/19cm, critically endangered

C. flavomarginata,
Chinese or Yellow-margined Box Turtle (Gray, 1863) China, 7in/17cm, endangered

C. galbinifrons,
Indochinese or Flower-back Box Turtle (Bourret, 1939), Indochina, 7.5/19cm, endangered

     C. g. galibinifrons,
Flower-back Box Turtle (Bourret, 1939)

     C. g. bourreti, Bourret’s
Box Turtle (Obst and Reimann, 1994)

     C. g. hainanensis,
Hainan Island Box Turtle (Li, 1958)   

C. picturata,
Southern Vietnam Box Turtle (Lehr, Fritz, and Obst, 1998) Vietnam, 7in/18cm, critically endangered

Genus: Cyclemys
Asian Leaf Turtles (Bell, 1834)

C. dentata, Asian
Leaf Turtle (Gray, 1831) Asia, 9in/23cm, forest (as adults), endangered

C. oldhami,
Southeast Asian Leaf Turtle (Gray, 1863) Indochina, 8in/20cm, endangered

Genus: Geoemyda
Black-breasted Leaf Turtles (Gray, 1834)

G. japonica, Ryuku
Black-breasted Leaf Turtle (Fan, 1931) Okinawa, 6in/15cm, endangered

G. spengleri,
Vietnamese or Black-breasted Wood Turtle (Gmelin, 1789) Indochina, 4.5in/11cm, endangered

Genus: Heosemys
Indochinese Pond Turtles (Stejneger, 1902)

H. depressa,
Arakan Forest Turtle (Anderson, 1875), Indochina, 11in/29cm, critically endangered

H. spinosa,
Spiny Turtle (Gray, 1830) Indochina, 9in/23cm, endangered

Genus: Luecocephalon
Sulwanese Forest Turtles (McCord, Iverson, Spinks and Shaffer, 2000)

L. yuwonoi,
Sulawesi Forest Turtle (McCord, Iverson, and Boeadi, 1995) Indonesia, 11in/28cm, critically endangered

Genus: Melanochelys
Indo-asian Black Turtles (Gray, 1869)

M. tricarinata,
Tricarinate Hill or Three-keeled Land Turtle (Blyth, 1856), India, 6in/16cm, endangered

M. trijuga,
Indian Black Turtle (Schweigger, 1812) India, 15in/38cm, endangered

Genus: Pangshura
Roofed Turtles (Gray, 1856)

P. sylhetensis,
Assam Roofed Turtle (Jerdon, 1870) India, 9in/24cm, endangered

Pyxidea (or Cuora)
Keeled Box Turtles (Gray, 1826?)

P. mouhotii,
Keeled Box Turtle (Gray, 1826) Indochina, 7in/18cm, endangered

Genus: Rhinoclemmys
Central and South American Wood Turtles (Fitzinger, 1835)

R. annulata,
Tropical Wood Turtle (Gray, 1860) Central and South America, 9in/23cm

R. areolata,
Furrowed Wood Turtle (Dumeril and Bibron, 1851) Central America, 9.5in/24cm

R. pulcherrima,
Painted Wood Turtle (Gray, 1855) Central America, 8.5in/22cm, threatened

     R. p. pulcherrima,
     Guerrero Wood Turtle (Gray, 1856)

     R. p. incisa,
     Incised Wood Turtle (Bocourt, 1868)

     R. p. manni,
     Central American Wood Turtle (Dunn, 1930)

     R. p. rogerbarbouri,
Western Mexico Wood Turtle (Ernst, 1978)

R. rubida,
Oxaca Wood Turtle (Cope, 1870) Mexico, 9in/23cm

Genus: Vijaychelys
Cane Forest Turtles (Prashag, Schmidt, Fritzsch, Muller, Gemel and Fritz, 2006)

V. silvatica,
Cochin Cane Forest Turtle (Henderson, 1912) India, 5in/13cm, critically endangered.

Revised 5-29-2012 (C) Mark Adkins