|The ‘Mid-winter Blues’ is a catch-all term for lots of things that can go wrong for a keeper in the middle of winter. Our tortoises have
been indoors now for several months and spring is still a ways off. The
general stress of captivity is really high and our tortoises are feeling it (and we probably are too!) Contributing factors can include:
- So-so diet, not as good as what they would get outside or over the summer.
exercise because of the smaller indoor habitats,
- Boredom because of the lack of variety- weather, nature, temps, lighting, etc.,
- Environmental issues with heat, humidity, light, etc. which are always a bit of a trick to get just right indoors,
- Higher exposure to diseases in the substrates, poo, etc. combined with
- Substrates that are going ‘sour’- smelly, germy, etc.
- and more and more and more and more.
Your tortoise may show many signs of this stress:
- Sleeping all day, possibly in the hottest or coldest areas,
- Not eating as much or eating more lethargically,
- Loosing weight,
- Abnormal or no bowel movements,
- Skin getting drier and/or paler
The stress can open the tortoise up to many health issues- bone disease, parasites, viruses, and more. Lots of these already exist to some extent or another in the habitat or laying dormant in the tortoise, but stress can cause them to ‘bloom’ and become real problems.
This is a really good time of the year to rethink and regroup. Try things like:
Take a big whiff inside the habitat. It probably needs some work, right?
Think about the diet some- is it pretty complete? Should you add a
- Give the habitat a good cleaning and freshening. Polish the glass up and clean the lights.
- Think about replacing the substrate.
- Give the torts a good soak every week or so.
- Double check your temps and humidity.
- Look at the lighting. Are they getting any UVB? A good white color
balance? Natural day lengths? Is the lighting baking them like an oven?
Is it blindingly bright? Is there a LOT of shade and hides?
- Try some new plants or add more plants for variety and the other benefits.
- Make sure the habitat has plenty of fresh air.
touch of supplementation? Diets this time of year should generally be
low in moisture and carbs, and high in calcium and fiber- but they still
benefit from variety and treats once in a while.
Look at the tortoise carefully.
- Try some variety in the diet- when was their last treat or special meal?
- Try scattering, hiding, or hanging food so they have to hunt or stretch a bit to get it.
- Good growth lines? Even and clean, not dry and flaky or raised?
- Good eyes, nostrils, skin?
- Plastron OK?
- Good weight?
- And so on.
Think of it as a quarterly check-up and overhaul. I generally find I
have to do something like this about every 3-4 months to one extent or
another. Start the summer pen, mid-summer clean-up, start the winter
pen, mid-winter clean up, etc.